In 1970 I read the book of American futurist Alvin Toffler ” the Shock of the future”, and its reading to date continues to shock me. At that time Toffler argued that society is undergoing a gigantic structural change in the transition from an industrial society to a super-industrial and post-industrial society, whose vertiginosity surpasses and overwhelms many people. The Accelerated degree of technological and therefore social change leaves many people disconnected and suffering from disorientation and unsurpassed stress. Thus, most social problems are symptoms of this”shock of the future.”
The characteristics of the post-industrial society we live in can be synthesized in the suppression of entire branches of industry. Many goods have become disposable objects, as the cost of repair or cleaning is greater than that of a new replacement due to mass production. People change their profession and place of work frequently and work becomes temporary, as well as professional knowledge, which in five to ten years becomes obsolete. The design of the goods expires quickly and it is also possible to rent any goods, which eliminates the need for ownership.
His next books “The Third Wave” and” Power Shift ” definitely confirmed it, leading to Marshall Mc. Lujan exclaims that”we live in a global village”.
As an amateur on the subject of work, I was led to the reading of Jeremy Rifkin’s “the end of the job”, which deals with the influence of new technologies on production processes and their consequences on the labour market. The application of new production processes in the world generates insoluble structural unemployment by applying traditional remedies. This tends to be aggravated by the application of processes of High re-engineering of productive processes, robotics, Informatics and the practically horizontal control of administrative structures. Given this scenario, the state and the market are unable to provide real answers to deep structural unemployment.
Alvin Toffler speaks to us in his book “The Third Wave” of the transition from industrialization to knowledge technology, which has undoubtedly impacted the productive processes of goods and services. The World Economic Forum is already talking about the disappearance of 5.1 million net jobs between 2015 and 2020, and the Mc Kinsey Report tells us that about 50% of current work activities are subject to automation and that 6 out of 10 occupations now have more than 30% that can be automated.
But we also have other non-minor issues in the world of work, which has produced the technological revolution, such as the disappearance of the working day and the workplace and the confusion between the professional life and the private life of the worker, in relation to teleworking or the right to disconnect; new occupational diseases, such as work stress or techno-stress; the infoobesidad, the addiction to the internet or the emotional impact that assumes that the coworker is a robot, and the need to integrate the algorithms and the risks that are likely to produce your application in the productivity or separation from the work.
All of this undoubtedly constitutes the new challenges of an efficient and modern right to work in accordance with the reality of our time and technological transformation, which in no way contemplates our recent labour reform, so we will have to get to work in order to be able to live up to our circumstances, with abrupt changes in the world of work.
Thanks, Puebla. Listen to me Saturday morning at 9 in the morning in my program TALKS, ABC Radio, 12.80 AM. You should remember that “WHAT COSTS MONEY is WORTH LITTLE”